Tuesday, March 31, 2020
The French Lieutenant's Woman by John Fowles On page 316 of the novel The French Lieutenant's Woman author John Fowles briefly interrupts the fiction to discuss with the reader his role as a novelist. He has come up with two very different endings to the novel and wishes to share both with his readers. However, he cannot give two storyline endings simultaneously, and if one comes before another, the final chapter will seem more potent than the first. In trying not to side with any particular characters he decides on a coin toss to decide which conclusion to give last. At this point Charles is on a train, and Fowles considers leaving him there to allow the reader the opportunity devise their own conclusion for the novel. I can only assume that Fowles came up with both endings at roughly the same time, and each of them seemed as valid an ending as the other to him. Traditionally, it would have been up to him to chose one ending and make it final. However it seems he was not able, or did not want to chose just one of the endings to the novel. It would seem that Fowles is trying to be fair to all of the characters by including the various endings which satisfy all of them. Fowles comments that the job of a novelist is "to put two conflicting wants in the ring and describe the fight", which is essentially what he has done. However it is hard to decide for whom to fix the fight in favor of when one owns both fighters. Fowles also briefly mentions allowing "freedom of characters" in his writing. This concept is somewhat vague. To allow freedom of characters is to essentially allow the characters to do anything that the author thinks of. Why would a character ever not be able to do whatever the author thinks of ? There are no written rules that authors must conform to while writing a novel about how characters must behave, and that a character must stay in character. The identity of the character is constantly changing as the novel progresses, constantly being updated since the reader has only a brief glimpse into the life of a character in the novel. I think it would be quite rare for an author to not allow his characters freedom (unless of course he is living in a country under dictatorship or communism, but that doesn't count because the author doesn't have freedom either so why should his characters). "The chief argument of fight fixing is to show one's readers what one thinks of the world around one". The author must fix the fight in favor of one side to make the writing a novel, to create the story with one's views on the world implanted into it. Fowles however did not live in the world he is fixing the fight in and can only know about it from other readings or indirect information. Fowles describes a story that has supposedly taken place over a century ago, and shows several views of another world by giving the novel two separate endings. Through this Fowles shows two separate views , by giving us two separate endings, which essentially changes his entire outlook on the world from one ending to another. One is more optimistic than the other, so he gives us an optimistic look at the world as well as a pessimistic view of the world in which the novel unfolds. The bulk of Fowles comments on what a novelist should be are somewhat contradictory to what he has done with his novel. He has said that it is the job of the author to describe the conflict after having chosen the outcome. However, Fowles himself seems to play quite an active role in The French Lieutenant's Woman , often jumping in to give modern day references such as in the case of Mrs. Poultney and the Gestapo. I believe this kind of writing is very beneficial for the reader. If the author has enough information about an era to convincingly write about it, and make references to modern times, it seems to give the reader a better understanding of the novel and make them feel more involved. Although Fowles has said that his job is simply to describe the fight it is somewhat more interesting when he slips back into the 20th century. In the many places in the novel when Fowles jumps in to the novel to explain or further describe
Saturday, March 7, 2020
Directing Towards Freuds Hamlet in Y2K essays Before we begin, I would like to congratulate you all on getting selected for the various parts in this production of Hamlet. My name is Glenn Close, and I will be directing this production from today until it closes in Tokyo next May. I have played the role of Gertrude, as many of you know, in the Hollywood production starring Mel Gibson. I also played Ophelia twice in high school and once my senior year at UCLA. This is my favorite Shakespeare play, one of the best of all time. Recently I was reintroduced to Freuds notable commentary on Shakespeare and his relation to Sophocles in The Interpretation of Dreams. From this I have pulled the essential pages and copied them for your perusal. In fact, each of you received those pages one week ago and were asked to come prepared to discuss its important aspects and to help me create a clearer vision of what we can do to make our Hamlet more like the one that Freud envisioned in 1899. As the director of this play, I have gathered you all here today to explain what this particular version of Hamlet is best representing. I decided to try to help Hamlet become more overtly repressed by his intellect so that Freuds vision can come to light in the minds of our audiences. In my humble opinion, no single director has yet made a good project out of exploring fully the impact of repression on the individual through the impotence of a paralyzed Hamlet. There is a reason for this. Many directors have tried and failed for the following reason: they were all men. Only a woman with the understanding of what it means to be sexually craved by her son can do justice to the directorship in the light of what Freud understood. I want this version of Hamlet to represent a modern day sexual scenario. By changing a few scenes, I can show Hamlets repressed emotions toward Gertrude, and his resentment toward Claudius. I want Hamlet almost to give in to his feelings for his mother . ..
Thursday, February 20, 2020
ABC COMPANY - Essay Example The company will now move to a Cell Manufacturing Process Plant. A thorough analysis was transpiring for the re-engineering of obligatory business process and the preliminary efforts intense on essentials up to five years hallucination. But prior to endeavor of re-engineering processes by their trade allies, ABC, initially, wanted to improve their internal systems. The first step ABC took in this regard was the installation of monetary software. After that exemplary action several steps in the same track were taken gradually with more advance software modules as per their requirements and the progression is still going on. The main reason for the success of ABC is their implementation of the advance techniques of pricing and distribution in their business. To congregate the supply chain necessities ABCÃ¢â¬â¢s management decided to come up with two way solution, first they use radio frequency based data capture to support the on-line communication runs inside the company and then use the bar coding facility, to make it more authentic at their prime retail customers side. For combine podium of B2B communication, ABC and its trade cohorts were selected the MicrosoftÃ¢â¬â¢s Biztalk. To implement this facility, external experts were brought in with the stern idea of in-house development to stay autonomous on their leaving. 1. Identify the different strategies you will employ to each of the 4 categories of suppliers and material/equipment purchased. Discuss the body of knowledge that surrounds supply chain strategies. (15%) The purchasing of new plant equipment requires selection of qualified suppliers and preparation and evaluation of bids. Since the product is new and the supplier not pre-qualified in most of the cases, hence the due diligence step in the process has to be carried out. This process is timely and energy consuming since loads of insight has to be put into the process before
Tuesday, February 4, 2020
International Finance - Essay Example However, there is no guarantee that it will limit the risks of foreign currency exchange. Therefore, losses or gains in the exchange of currency will impact on cash flows through reduced growth in global operations. Exchange rate movements as it causes changes in the value of the local currency of revenues subject to foreign currency. However, if parity in purchasing power is desecrated, risks of exchange rates will affect both multinational firms and other firm with no direct link to international trade activities. This is because some local firms which import capital goods encounter asset pricings affected by exposure to exchange rates in the global capital market (Sinclair, 2005). In that case, cost of goods and services will be subject to original cost of capital and this will have an impact on the cash flows. Firms involved with international trade may overlook the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s imports and exports in a foreign currency. As a result, this will change the value in assesment to domestic currencyÃ¢â¬â¢s value (Dechow et al, 1999). This then will affect the pricing of domestic goods and services rendering it subject to international market prices dertemination. Anticipated cash flows of firms can be affected by exchange rates movements as it leads to shift in stock prices and returns. In the case of domestic firms, change in value of currency has an impact on the firms ability to import capital goods. Rise in the value of currency will put the domestic firms at a better position to acquire inputs from international market (Beenhakker, 2001). However, low value of currency makes it difficult to acqure capital goods from foreign countries. In that case, the cash flows to the firms will be subject to the inputs of the firm. Adequate invest of inputs will amount to increased cash flows while decreased cash flow results from low inputs. Acquisition of modern technology is determined by the rate of cash flows of firms. However, exposure exchange rates movements
Monday, January 27, 2020
Sunday, January 19, 2020
Ã¢â¬Å"EvelineÃ¢â¬ is a short story by James Joyce.Ã Eveline is 19 and standing at a crossroads in her life.Ã She has a single choice to make as she stands and reflects at the ship dock.Ã The decision she must make is whether she should go with Frank, her secret soon-to-be husband or stay with her father in the only place she has ever known.Ã Ã¢â¬Å"Frank was very kind, manly, open, hearted,Ã¢â¬ (Joyce 45) and offers Eveline a Ã¢â¬Å"new home, in a distant unknown countryÃ¢â¬ (Joyce 44) in Buenos Ayres.Ã Her father is aging, grumpy, and often threatens violence is she does not do what he says.Ã Eveline ponders what her duty really is. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã There are several good reasons for Eveline to leave with Frank and get married.Ã Ã¢â¬Å"Her brothers and sisters were all grown upÃ¢â¬ , (Joyce 42) and her mother was dead.Ã Her childhood friends, Tizzie Dun was dead and the Waters had moved back to England.Ã She is forced to spend her days working in a store making money she must turn over to her father.Ã She spends her evenings taking care of the house, her father, and two young children. This is not exactly the life she has read about in romance novels or daydreamed about in grade school.Ã It is hard work and with the knowledge that Ã¢â¬Å"Everything changesÃ¢â¬ (Joyce 43) she wants to Ã¢â¬Å"go away like the others, to leave her home.Ã¢â¬ (Joyce 43).Ã She knowsÃ if she stays, she will stagnate.Ã She will still be breathing but she will be just as dead as her mother if she chooses to stay.Ã Frank offers her a life of new adventures and love.Ã When she is married she will have respect and Frank will not be violent with Eveline as her father was with her mother. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã As Eveline Ã¢â¬Å"tried to weigh each side of the questionÃ¢â¬ (Joyce 43) she begins to develop a list of reasons why she must stay.Ã This is the only home Eveline as has ever known.Ã It is full ofÃ Ã¢â¬Å"familiar objects which she had dusted once a week for so many yearsÃ¢â¬ (Joyce 43).Ã And wonders if she will ever see these things again. Here, with her father, she has food and shelter, and the comfort of the known.Ã She also fears that the people she knows in town will consider her Ã¢â¬Å"foolÃ¢â¬ (Joyce 43) when they realize she had run away with a fellowÃ¢â¬ (Joyce 43).Ã Her father is old and forgetful, and she worries if he can take care of himself.Ã The overwhelming reason why she feels it is her duty to stay because of Ã¢â¬Å"her promise to keep the home together as long as she could.Ã¢â¬ (Joyce 47) to her mother just before she died. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã EvelineÃ¢â¬â¢s relationship with Frank is based solely on hope.Ã Frank is a sailor who is kind but tells her Ã¢â¬Å"tales of distant countries. He had started as a deck boy at a pound a month on a ship of the Allan Line going out to CanadaÃ¢â¬ (Joyce 46).Ã And her father warns Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ I know these sailor chapsÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬ (Joyce 46). Ã Is Frank being truthful or is he a typical sailor with a girl in every port.Ã She hopes that he is telling her the truth because she has no other evidence that he is.Ã Frank symbolizes escape.Ã When she reflects on her promise to her dying mother and her subsequent death she thinks to herself Ã¢â¬Å"Escape! She must escape! Frank would save her. He would give her life, perhaps love, too But she wanted to live. Why should she be unhappy? She had a right to happiness. Frank would take her in his arms, fold her in his arms. He would save her.Ã¢â¬ (Joyce 47). Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã The question remains for Eveline, will she go with Frank or stay at home.Ã Of course in the end she decides to stay.Ã She chooses the known over unknown excitement.Ã The comfort of stability and a familiar environment far outweighs her desire for a new life, in a new home with new people.Ã In the end she chooses Ã¢â¬Å"hard work Ã¢â¬â a hard life Ã¢â¬â but now that she was about to leave it she did not find it a wholly undesirable life.Ã¢â¬ (Joyce 45).Ã Ã¢â¬Å"EvelineÃ¢â¬ is a story about choice and learning to live with the consequences of that choice. Works Cited Joyce, James. Dubliners. New York: The Modern library, 1954. Questia. 6 Dec. 2005 . Ã
Saturday, January 11, 2020
Analysis The definition of consumer durables and nondurables Consumer durables involve many kinds of products that is purchased by consumers, it is manufactured for long-term use. Such as: car, furniture and so on. But consumer nondurables are opposite. It is expendable goods purchases by consumers for their daily or short-term use. Such as: clothing, shoes and so on. The characteristics of consumer purchase Because of consumer durables has long-term use, and comparing with consumer nondurables, price is higher, so consumer purchase behavior is more cautious. There are some reasons. First of all, much more selectivity cause consumers are hard to make decision. Secondly, because of there are a lot of different brand, so they will carefully compare the various brands of cost performance, generally, consumer focus on the quality, service, and brand reputation. Finally, consumers can not buy from nearest store, they are willing to go to large scale shopping malls. But consumer nondurable is opposite. There are some features of consumer nondurables. Because of nondurables goods are short-term use, it can be daily product, such as towels, soap and so on, so consumer is willing to buy those at nearest store. Also, it can be visual product, when consumer decide to buy it, they might be affected by packing and storeÃ¢â¬â¢s ambience, which means consumer can make decision easily. On the other hand, consumer has less loyalty for brand, they usually change same product with different brand. So we can sum up some features about consumer purchase habit, which are easy, fast, impulsive and emotional. Main characteristics of market Consumer durables: For product advertising strategy, company usually focus on product exhibition and display as much as possible, also they must have a large scale warehouse for inventory Consumer nondurables: For advertising strategy, Company is willing to choose outdoor billboards in the down and some crowded place, or promote on the internet. They donÃ¢â¬â¢t need large size warehouse for inventory.